Skin Care In Rheumatoid Arthritis
Skin manifestations in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis are fairly common and are seen in almost 40% of the patients .Some manifestations are specific for the disease and some are the consequences of the treatment given for RA.The severity varies from patient to patient and if proper care is not taken it affects the day to day routine in many ways.
Various skin conditions observed in the patients are as follows:
These are hard lumps observed around bony areas like elbows , ankles or fingers.The size can vary from a pea size to size of a ping pong ball.Usually the medicines given for arthritis take care of these nodules.In few patients surgery may be required.
2.Corns and callosities:
The joint deformities affect normal movements and lead to excessive trauma and friction.This makes the patients prone to develop corns and callosities which can be very painful.
There are few simple tips to take care of them.
A.Soak the area with the corn or callus (let’s use your foot as an example) in warm water until the skin softens – usually 5 to 10 minutes.
B.Wet a pumice stone or emery board.While the skin on your foot is still soft, gently move the pumice stone or emery board across the corn or callus to remove dead tissue.
C.Apply a moisturizing cream or lotion to the corn or callus and surrounding dead skin every day. Look for products that contain urea, salicylic acid, or ammonium lactate. These ingredients will soften the skin over time.
D.Surround your corn or callus with donut-style adhesive pads or make your own donut pad .Padding helps protect the corn or callus from irritation and relieves pain and pressure.
E.Wear properly sized and shaped footwear. Wear shoes with increased width and height in the toe area. Consider buying footwear at the end of the day when your feet are slightly swollen.
F.Keep your toenails trimmed. Long toenails can make your toes push against the top of your shoe causing friction and increased pressure. Cut toenails straight across. Do not round the corners.
G.If your corns or calluses are painful, apply a cold pack to reduce the pain and swelling for no more than 10 to 20 minutes at a time.
H.You may visit your doctor in case of difficulty.They will do paring with 11 no.surgical blade and help to remove the excess hard skin.