by DR KIRAN ADAM
What am I?
KNEE- The knee is one of the largest and most complex joints in the body. The knee joins the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia) the smaller bone that runs alongside the tibia (fibula) and the knee cap (patella) are the other bones that make the knee joint.
Two ligaments are located on the outside of the knee joint. These ligaments connect the femur to the tibia and fibula. They help manage side to side movements in the knee.
Two additional ligaments (cruciate ligament) inside the knee stretch between the femur and tibia. These ligaments help control the forward and backward movements of the tibia in relation to the femur.
The patella is a triangular bone at the front of the knee. It is attached by tendons to the quadriceps muscles of the thigh and allows the knee to straighten.
The bone surface of the femur and tibia has a smooth durable cover of the articular cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones and enables them to move easily.